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Run tests with Continuous Integration#

Running your test suite locally is useful as you develop code and also test new features or changes to the code base. However, you also will want to setup Continuous Integration (CI) to run your tests online. CI allows you to run all of your tests in the cloud. While you may only be able to run tests locally on a specific operating system, using CI you can specify tests to run both on various versions of Python and across different operating systems.

CI can also be triggered for pull requests and pushes to your repository. This means that every pull request that you, your maintainer team or a contributor submit, can be tested. In the end CI testing ensures your code continues to run as expected even as changes are made to the code base.

CI & pull requests#

CI is invaluable if you have outside people contributing to your software. You can setup CI to run on all pull requests submitted to your repository. CI can make your repository more friendly to new potential contributors. It allows users to contribute code, documentation fixes and more without having to create development environments, run tests and build documentation locally.

Example GitHub action that runs tests#

Below is an example GitHub action that runs tests using nox across both Windows, Mac and Linux and on Python versions 3.9-3.11.

To work properly, this file should be located in a root directory of your GitHub repository:

   └── workflows/
       └── run-tests.yml # The name of this file can be whatever you wish
name: Pytest unit/integration

      - main

# Use bash by default in all jobs
    shell: bash

    name: Test Run (${{ matrix.python-version }}, ${{ matrix.os }})
    runs-on: ${{ matrix.os }}
      fail-fast: false
        os: ["ubuntu-latest", "macos-latest", "windows-latest"]
        python-version: ["3.9", "3.10", "3.11"]

      - uses: actions/checkout@v4
      - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
        uses: actions/setup-python@v4
          python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      - name: Install dependencies
        run: |
          python -m pip install --upgrade pip
          python -m pip install nox
      - name: List installed packages
        run: pip list
      - name: Run tests with pytest & nox
        run: |
          nox -s tests-${{ matrix.python-version }}
      # You only need to upload code coverage once to codecov unless you have a
      # more complex build that you need coverage for.
      - name: Upload coverage to Codecov
        if: ${{ matrix.os == 'ubuntu-latest' &&  matrix.python-version == '3.10'}}
        uses: codecov/codecov-action@v3